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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  May 30, 2014 3:59pm-4:31pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, kovler foundation, and union bank. at union bank, our relationship managers work hard , offeringur business specialized solutions and capital to help you meet your growth objectives.
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we offer expertise and tailored solutions for small businesses and major corporations. what can we do for you? >> and now, "bbc world news america." >> this is "bbc world news america." police in india are under attack for failing to investigate the gang rape and hanging of two teenage girls. two officers have now been fired. there are journey can be fatal -- these african migrants tried to reach europe for a better life, but too often, the trip ends in tragedy. >> we need even more body bags for the number of dead migrants we are retrieving. >> and counting down to the world cup as the beautiful game gets ready to take the global spotlight.
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is america finally catching football fever? welcome to our viewers on public television here in america and also around the globe. amidst growing outrage in india, two police officers were fired today for failing to investigate the disappearance of two teenage girls who were gang raped and found hanging from a tree. the horror for crime took place in a remote village in a northern state. the report contains disturbing images. it was a heart-wrenching scene, two teenage cousins aged just 14 and 16 were found dead. their bodies hanging from this tree. a postmortem confirmed they had been gang raped.
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>> we were ready to go to the police station, and the police officer came to me and said that the girls are hanging from a tree. >> relatives have complained that police refused to help find from a lowero were class. one policeman has now been arrested for conspiring with the suspects, and one has been .acked >> whatever happened, it was very wrong. it is a very serious issue. we will take the strictest action against the culprits. >> the gang rape and murder of a student on a daily bus in 2012 prompted the government to tighten laws on sexual violence, but the issue has fallen off the agenda since. latest figures show the number of reported rapes has almost doubled. today, students took to the streets in protest at the gruesome murder. the bodies of the two young
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women have been brought down from this tree now, but the brutal violence that unfolded here has again brought the issue of violent crimes against women in india under the spotlight. the villagers here hope that the global media attention will help them in their fight for justice. >> this is really more than about solving that one crime. it is about changing a culture, and that will be very difficult in india. illegal immigration is an issue which has sparked political debate in lots of countries around the world. tonight, we look at the treacherous path that tens of thousands of trying to take to get to europe. the promise of a better life has lured them to risk their own lives in makeshift boats that all of sea route from north africa. the bbc went with one group being smuggled out of libya. we have this report. >> in an isolated libyan jail, a
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doorway opens to gloom and human misery. from acrossen africa and beyond. there's barely room to sit, nevermind sleep. they are sick, and they are hungry. most of trying to get to europe. >> did you pay a man to try to get you to europe? did you pay money? >> of course. paid $1600. a man with bullet wounds. he would not say who shot him. this is the moment when some of
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those in the jail were captured. foundmed coast guard them. they had been heading to italy, but they're injured -- the injured got out after four hours. they had been drifting for days. the water and food had run out. it was pure luck that the coast guard found them. the commander of the rescue said this was europe's problem is much as libya's. we apply to the eu to buy boats and helicopters for search and rescue operations, but we have not received anything. i think that the eu countries, especially italy, are not serious about fighting illegal immigration. open sea, it is the people smugglers, not the coast guard, who have the advantage. >> libya's problem is it has only eight of these boats to patrol 1200 miles of coastline.
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they say they need more night vision goggles. in fact, they need even more body bags for the number of dead migrants they are retrieving. >> we are taken inside the .orgue it is so full of the bodies of migrants, they have had to jam the doors close. only three are year. now it's eight a week. the men crossing into libya no they are not welcome, but the promise of jobs and money in europe they say is better than what they leave behind. here on our last day, a truck is .ound with a false compartment inside, barely able to breathe, two dozen men.
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one carries a single possession -- a bible. these men have risked everything to get this far. libya warns that more and more will follow. >> right around the world, the terrible risks some people take just to try to give their families and better life. after weeks of growing controversy surrounding the care of american military veterans, today, president obama accepted the resignation of veterans affairs secretary eric shinseki. it was announced the number of low-level officials would be fired additionally. this comes after reports that veterans had been waiting too long for care and certain facilities have falsified records to cover up problems. those who have fallen. president obama paying respects
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at a memorial day event on monday, but the way his administration has been treating those who served the country is in the headlines. it has emerged that thousands of veterans who have been trying to see a doctor were not ever put on a waiting list. it took others months instead of weeks to be seen, and it is claimed as many as 40 died because they did not get help in time. the man responsible for the welfare of veterans, former four-star general eric shinseki, has been criticized for the way he has handled things. this morning in a speech, he took full responsibility for his department's actions. >> given the facts right now -- i now know, i apologize that senior leaders at the department of veterans affairs. i extend an apology to the people whom i care most deeply about, and that's the veterans of this great country, to their families and loved ones, and i have been honored to serve. >> he offered his resignation to
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the president. mr. obama's promise to tackle what he conceived as a national problem. >> misconduct has not been limited to a few v.a. facilities, but many across the country. totally unacceptable. our veterans deserve the best. they have earned it. last week, i said that if we found misconduct, it would be punished, and i meant it. >> a former employee at the agency who now helps veterans with claims told me the misconduct is deep-rooted. >> veterans are going to v.a. theirlp, and to have claims adjudicated. it's not happening in a timely manner. they are dying while they wait, and this is because the managers at the ba offices and especially the central office here are looking at spreadsheets and are worried about their numbers. they are worried about looking good. they are worried about their bonuses. the veterans are falling through the cracks. this has caused huge embarrassment for president obama at a time he has announced
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a massive drawdown of troops from afghanistan. he has promised to do all he can to fix these current problems, but with thousands of troops returning from war later this year, the treatment of those who fight for their country is once again in the spotlight. >> for more on today's resignation, i spoke a short time ago with a congressional reporter for "the washington post." the problem here, isn't it, that you have so many veterans returning from wars in iraq and afghanistan with severe injuries in a system that just is overwhelmed. >> that's right, and the real irony is that this was a man, eric shinseki, who back before the iraq war began warned congress and the bush administration that the costs of the war were potentially much greater than they were anticipating at the time. the irony is now today he falls on his sword because the government has not properly stood itself up to deal with
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these returning veterans. it is important to remember this is a department that employs more than 300,000 americans. clinicians, nurses, doctors, some of the most experienced war surgeons in the world. they have more than a thousand facilities across this country designed to help the millions of veterans from wars dating back to world war ii, korea, the gulf war, and more recently iraq and afghanistan, and they are dealing with a complex duties of problems. aging people who simply are growing old -- >> veterans, of course, as well from vietnam and korea combined now with these younger veterans. >> who are facing injuries that have never been seen before. amputations, ptsd -- posttraumatic stress disorder. it is an incredibly complex system, and eric shinseki frankly just want up against the realities of 24/7 modern-day american politics, and now he is out of a job. >> does hitting would've eric shinseki solve the problem? >> absolutely not. every lawmaker who responded today said, "this is a great first step, but now, does the
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department need more money? do we have to explore whether or not to privatize some of this health care that is offered to american veterans?" it is a complex debate that will be held in the months leading up to a very intense election season, and i do not think it will end anytime soon. >> is this a question of money, or is that too simple? >> it's too simple. it's a question of money, but it's also a large bureaucracy that has really just ballooned for the years and only gotten worse because of the wars in recent years. there is a true sense that there is a culture of people who work in these facilities all across the country who have no real connection or fear of what is coming out of the head office just down the street in washington. i think there is an attempt now under way to make it clear to people, "if you are not directly serving veterans and only worrying about that, not worrying about your bonus or getting promoted, we want you to get out of the way." >> you mentioned the bitter nature of washington politics. to what extent is this seen as
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president obama's fault, that perhaps he is being remiss in the way he has managed government here? >> certainly, opposition this notns have cast as an eric shinseki problem but as a president obama problem. when you combine this now with all the concerns about what happened in benghazi at -- benghazi, libya, back in 2012, concern about what has gone on with other agencies, republicans like to cast it as a series of missteps and a lot of mismanagement that demonstrates why americans should be electing republicans into office in november and not members of the president's party. democrats will turn around and say that this has been going on for years, well before president obama. it is an issue of bureaucracy that needs fixing and that both parties need to work on. >> thank you very much. since the arab uprising began three years ago, protest by -- saudibia and arabia's shia population have gone largely unreported.
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they live mainly in the eastern province of saudi arabia, journalists so rarely given permission to film in the region, but the bbc gained access to speak to activists there. this is a coastal region in the eastern province of saudi arabia where most of the countries minority shia muslims live. they claim they suffer sectarian discrimination from the kingdom's sunni rulers and get little benefit from the wealth created by the area's natural resources. off in earlykicked 2011 with protesters demanding the release of nine men held for years without trial. security forces were quickly sent in. dozens of people were arrested, but the protest did not stop. three years on, checkpoints still ring the area. even though i'm saudi, it is still difficult for me to move
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around with a camera, and i could be arrested. to know why activists are risking their lives to demonstrate. although few have spoken to the media, i have tracked down some young men who have agreed to be interviewed, but they are afraid to be identified and want their voices altered. protestersdozens of in secret meetings, and it becomes clear there are no unified demands, but all want major reform in the country.
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>> in the early days of the uprising, protesters say they were unarmed, but i found a roof that at least one protester used a gun against security forces. the government has always maintained they have been fired on. >> there is a special plot for those killed during the uprising at the cemetery. for more than 14 months, the bbc has been requesting an interview or return response from the saudi government. we have yet to receive an answer. >> a rare look at the plight of she is in saudi arabia. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come -- what are americans looking for in their
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next president? a new survey breaks it down, and we will bring you the winning trades. in a new move, google is starting to accept requests from europeans who want to erase personal information from appearing in online search results. it comes after a landmark ruling issued two weeks ago by europe's highest court that gives people the right to be forgotten. >> google yourself and do not like what you find? --l, now european union's european users of the search engine can do something about it. google has launched this form where you can request linked to a relevant and outdated data be erased. you just need to fill in some details, the relevant website and say why you think you should be removed from the search engine. the case is brought to the european union court by a man who complain that an auction notice of his repossessed home, which appeared on google's search results, in french his
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privacy. google says it will consider whether there is a public interest in keeping information online before removing it, but the timeframe of when the links will actually be removed is still unclear. critics call it an alarming extension of online censorship. >> google and many of the search engines already had a process that if data or information was defamatory or a legal or wholly inaccurate, it would be taken down. process was already there. i'm of the opinion that if information should be taken down, it should be at the request of a court so we know exactly what processes gone through. i do not think google internally should be making the decision for themselves. >> google chief executive larry page warns this change will have serious consequences. he says it will be used by other governments that are not as progressive and forward as europe to do bad things. that also warning
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resources and complying with the ruling could damage the technological innovation of google going forward. >> now here in america, it never seems to early to start talking about the next presidential peoplen, but what are actually looking for in their leader here? does age matter? how about religion or race? a new survey asked americans what traits they would like to .ee in the white house >> let's say you want to be president of the united states in 2016. what characteristics will give you the best chance? the pew research center got some good insight recently when it asked what traits americans wanted in a president. -- militarylist service. 43% of americans said they are more likely to support a veteran for president. you could even see this
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historically since 31 out of 44 presidents have done some kind of military service. most presidents have gone to prestigious universities, but it was not always like that. harry truman never graduated college, and that was not too long ago. he actually joins 12 other presidents with no college degree, including abraham lincoln. and do americans really care? almost three quarters said it did not matter if a president or presidential candidate goes to a top-tier university. on the campaign trail, candidates love, love, love to talk about how they are washington outsiders. arly in the 2008 campaign, candidate's washington experience made 35% of people more likely to vote for them. now check out how those numbers have lived. yes -- have flipped.
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yes, stay out of washington if you can. barack obama made history becoming the first lap president, so how open are americans too further barrier breaking? a woman president? 71% said it would not matter if a candidate was female. a gay or lesbian president? 66% said this would not matter either. an atheist? well, that is a dealbreaker. if you do not believe in god, more than half of america is less likely to send you to the oval office. >> such interesting numbers and so reflective of the american republic. perhaps the only guessing game > will become the next president is which country will go home with the world cup. theyst two weeks time, actually begin in brazil, and national pride has taken over.
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>> michael, in your book homage you write that america has come from the dark ages to what you call the enlightenment in terms of its support of stopper, but if you look at it, americans are still far behind the rest of the world when it comes to their passion for this sport, i'm a? >> we have come a long way in terms of our enthusiasm for the sport. every world cup cycle, it gets more and more popular here, and the knowledge of the fans has gotten more nuanced. .t has gotten more critical i really think the education of the american fan is getting closer to that of the european or south american or african fan. >> you would dispute the idea that if the american team is knocked out in the first round -- and let's face it, you got a pretty tough draw for your first
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round -- suddenly, television sets across the country will switch off? >> the ratings will tell us that in a few weeks. if the u.s. team has a nice little run, as it did with 2010, ratings will be increased, but i think there is enough interest in the rest of the tournament where american fans will be interested and will stay involved. >> what is it about football do you think that the rest of the butd gets so excited about has not yet -- and i take your premise that it could still happen -- seemed to have ignited american audiences in the same way? why is this disconnect? >> sports are really part of a nation's culture, and we have had baseball, which was really part of our fabric for so long, and american football, and there is still a lot of love or those sport in this country. >> you watched your first world cup back in 1982, i think i'm
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right in thinking. >> that's right. >> you will be watching, of course, brazil this time around. what is it you love about the world cup? >> i love all the kind of camaraderie about it. for me, it was kind of an education when i was a teenager learning about soccer. i learned so much from it, and it was a kind of international brotherhood, you could say, and it just kind of brought people together. that is what i love most about it. the game itself, of course, is simple. as you know, it is known as the beautiful game. just the pageantry of it, especially during the world cup. >> the book is "the soccer diaries." we will both be watching the world cup, though i suspect we will be supporting different teams. good luck in brazil. >> thanks. i appreciate you having me on. >> june 12, kickoff time for the world cup. we will all be watching. that brings the program to a close. you can find out much more of the day's news on our website.
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if you would like to reach me at the bbc team, you can find us on twitter. from all of us here at "bbc world news america," thank you so much for watching. do have a great weekend. >> make sense of international /news.t bbc.com >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, kovler foundation, and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard
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to understand the industry you operate in, working to nurture new ventures and help provide capital for key strategic decisions. we offer expertise and tailored solutions in a wide range of industries. what can we do for you? wasbbc world news" wasbbc world news" presented by
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this is great weather... for ducks. huh? and when the rain stopped... it was great weather for monkeys. ( quacking ) mud that sounded like a duck when he squished it. yes, it was... ( quacks ) duck mud. ( quacking ) huh? he knew he didn't squish that quack out. he had discovered self-quacking duck mud! ( quacking ) okay, it wasn't duck mud. there were real ducks. ( gasps ) ooh! ( quacking ) ( quacks ) ( gasps ) ooh! ( hooting )

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